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タイトル: Questionnaire survey and GIS analysis of footpaths studies in Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaido
その他のタイトル: 北海道の石狩振興局におけるフットパスのアンケート調査とGIS解析
著者: WONG, SING PING
ウォン, シンピン
発行日: 12-May-2017
抄録: 【Background and objectives】 Footpath is a walking path originated from England since the 19th century and it allows people to walk and enjoy the beautiful scenery in the forest, countryside, old streets and visit scattered sightseeing places in urban and rural areas. The purposes of footpaths establishment in Japan not only for recreational but also for regional revitalization and development. The population of footpath users in Hokkaido is getting older and Ogawa Iwao hopes incorporation of more young people in footpath activities. This study was conducted to identify the preferable characteristics of footpaths and footpath maps by the different age groups, to evaluate the characteristics of footpaths and footpath maps in Ishikari Subprefecture and to plan a new footpath route around Oasa Station, Ebetsu which can attract more young adults. 【Methodology】 First, preferable characteristics of footpaths and footpath maps by the different age groups were identified using questionnaire survey. Chi Square Test was used to test statistically significant difference between the age groups for each statement in the questionnaire survey. Next, the map of the study area, Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaido with the 24 footpaths was created (Figure 1). The footpaths data were collected by digitizing from the available footpath maps and GPS device and stored in an ArcGIS shapefile. The characteristics of the footpaths were evaluated by analyzing the footpaths data overlay with the DEM (Digital Elevation Models) and land use data using GIS. Whereas, the characteristics of footpath maps were evaluated based on whether regional resources and facilities (public transportation, sightseeing places, toilets and rest places) are mapped on existing footpath maps. Lastly, ArcGIS Network Analyst was used to plan and propose a new footpath route near Oasa Station, Ebetsu that preferred by young adults, according to the result of preferable characteristics of footpaths obtained from questionnaire survey. 【Results】 The rate of response in this questionnaire survey was 31.33%. Different age groups have the different perspectives to the “preferable length of footpath” because statistically significant difference (p value = 0.001) was found. Young adults preferred “3-5 km”, middle-aged preferred “5-7 km” and older adults preferred “7-10 km” of footpaths respectively. Whereas, different age groups have the same perspectives on the preferable “theme”, “type of footpath”, “place to start and finish points” and “type of the footpath surface” as well as “ preferable type of footpath map” and “which geographical information to be important included in the footpath map” (Table 1). Therefore, the 24 footpath data sheets were created after evaluation of the characteristics of footpaths. The 24 footpath data sheets included a footpath slope change map, elevation graph and land use composition pie chart were created after GIS analysis in order to allow footpath users can have a better understanding in the landscape aspect (Figure 2). For evaluation of footpath maps, 16 out of the 24 footpaths have public transportations, sightseeing places, toilets and rest places that are completely mapped in existing footpath maps. Lastly, the shortest footpath route that connected the stops, preferred by the young adults such as sightseeing places, forest areas, toilets and rest places (parks) was planned by ArcGIS Network analysis and a map was created using GIS (Figure 3).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10659/4916
学位授与年月日: 2016
学位名: 酪農学
学位授与機関: 酪農学園大学
出現コレクション:学位論文(修士)

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