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タイトル: “Can the people who use wheelchairs enjoy the national parks?” Compare the accessibility of people who use wheelchairs to national parks in Malaysia to Hokkaido’s and create a spatial database for the future
その他のタイトル: “車椅子利用者は、国立公園を楽しめないのでしょうか?”マレーシアと日本の国立公園の比較から、未来のためにGISデータベースの作成
著者: Khew, Ee Hung
キュー, イー ホン
発行日: 12-May-2017
抄録: Background and Objectives: The accessibility of national parks towards the people who use wheelchairs has become more significant with the expanding population of people with disabilities (PwDs), including the elderly due to better awareness of human right, advancement of healthcare, and the increasing aged population and traffic accidents in the world. Accessible national parks are not only important because of the right of the PwDs and elderly but also able to maintain the health and well-beings of them as well as a business opportunity for many. Thus, the objectives are to identify the accessibility of people who use wheelchairs to selected national parks in Malaysia and Japan; compare the accessibility of Kinabalu Park and Daisetsuzan National Park and to create a spatial database for future’s park planning and researches. Methods: Penang National Park (PNP), Taman Negara National Park (TNNP), Kinabalu Park (KP) and Daisetsuzan National Park (DNP) are chosen in this study because of their short distance to a city or they are popular or both. This study utilize descriptive research method to examine the current accessibility of people who use wheelchairs to the selected national park based on collected data. Firstly, free/open GIS data to identify and show the location of the parks, the accessible area, the location of facilities, services and/or experiences accessible by the people who use wheelchairs are collected through websites. Verification of the accessibility was done by collecting the primary data via on-site observation and telephone interview as well as secondary data from the online survey. Slope percent calculated from DEM (digital elevation model) data is used to identify the accessibility and difficulty of the road and trails to people who use wheelchairs by comparing to the accessible scales. Results: This study collected and used only free/open GIS data. The least accessible distance and least accessible elevation range in the park is PNP, followed by TNNP, KP and DNP. In Malaysia, people who use wheelchairs are mostly cannot access to the parks or access with difficulties and much inconveniences as the accessible facilities such as toilets are either not provided or provided but not usable. The paved path may have obstacles such as barricade, uneven surface and small width that stop people who use wheelchairs to use them or may threaten their safety. As a result of comparing KP to DNP, people who use wheelchairs can travel to DNP with more transportation choices but they can only travel to KP by private car or taxi which is not specifically designed for them. Besides, in DNP, they can access to more area, more facilities and services and can enjoy more types of nature or vegetation zones than KP. However, the movement people who use wheelchairs are still limited by some inaccessible areas and facilities in the park. Therefore, GIS database was created in a hope that it may be useful in future’s park planning and researches to build accessible national parks for all.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10659/4915
学位授与年月日: 2016
学位名: 酪農学
学位授与機関: 酪農学園大学
出現コレクション:学位論文(修士)

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