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タイトル: Altered balance of inhibitory and active Fc gamma receptors in murine autoimmune glomerulonephritis
著者: Ichii, Osamu
Konno, Akihiro
Sasaki, Nobuya
ENDO, Daiji
HashimotoYoshiharu
Kon, Yasuhiro
キーワード: autoimmunity
Fc gamma receptor
glomerulonephritis
kidney
MRL mice
発行日: Aug-2008
出版者: Nature publishing group
抄録: Mag is an MRL-derived glomerulonephritis susceptibility locus that includes the Fcgr2b and Fcgr3 genes encoding the inhibitory Fc gamma receptor IIB (FcγRIIB) and active FcγRIII, respectively. We measured changes in gene balance in three B6.MRLc1 congenic mouse strains containing the 82-86, 92–100 and 100 cM regions of the MRL chromosome 1. We found that only the strain that has 92-100 (which includes Fcgr loci) developed glomerulonephritis. These congenic mice had splenomegaly, elevated blood urea nitrogen, anti-dsDNA antibodies and higher urinary albumin excretion compared to the parental strain C57BL/6(B6). Prior to the development of glomerulonephritis, large CD3- (T cell) and B220- (B cell) positive areas were identified in the spleens of B6.MRLc1(92–100) mice. Both Fc receptors were found in mesangial and dendritic cells; important sites of immune-complex clearance and antigen presentation. The FcγRIII-positive areas were more prominent in the congenic strain. Fcgr2b mRNA was lower in the B6.MRLc1(92–100) kidney and spleen than in those organs of the B6 mice while Fcgr3 expression and the Fcgr3 to Fcgr2b mRNA ratio was higher in the congenic strain kidneys, spleen and thymus than in those of the B6 prior to and at an early stage of glomerulonephritis. We conclude that the imbalance of inhibitory and active Fc gamma receptors influences the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10659/2310
ISSN: 0085-2538
著作権等: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.2008.182
著作権リンク: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/
出現コレクション:学術論文(雑誌)

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